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Chart Showing the Relationship between Syllable Types,
Written Tones, and 5-Tone Vientiane Lao

          

 

Smooth/Live Syllables*

Checked/Dead Syllables**

Written Tone Marks Inherent Tone Tone 1/ ek.gif (262 bytes) Tone 2/ to.gif (284 bytes)  Long Vowel Short Vowel
Syllable-Initial Consonant Class
High Class [su4uN]
0 l 4 z / s                        
LOW RISING   4

HIGH-MID    #

LOW FALLING   3 LOW    FALLING   3 HIGH RISING   2
Middle Class [kaaN]
d 9 f 8 [ x 1 v
LOW RISING   4 HIGH-MID    # HIGH FALLING    1 LOW   FALLING   3 HIGH RISING   2
Low Class [ta#m]
7 - m r 2 I '  p o , i ] ;
HIGH RISING   2 HIGH-MID    # HIGH FALLING    1 HIGH FALLING   1 HIGH-MID    #
            
*A syllable that ends in a -p, t, k, or glottal stop is a dead/checked syllable.
**A syllable that ends in a long vowel or a final -m, -n, -ng, y, or w is smooth/live
                  

Go to Tone Practice